Towards sustainable society -6 different viewpoints of the MFG4.0 research presented at Strategic Research Scientific Conference
The Strategic Research conference brings together scholars from different research fields with a common interest in exploring responses to societal challenges in a fair, just, and sustainable society. The conference will foster an exchange of ideas, approaches, and insights between the disciplines.
Epicenter, Mikonkatu 9, Helsinki
Our researchers will present abstracts on the following themes:
Additive Manufacturing Point-of-View to Firm Resilience
Resilience is the ability of firms to cope with sudden and dramatic changes in the business environment. Typically, firms with the flexibility to change how they operate in terms of what they produce and how they work are less vulnerable to dramatic changes than companies with fixed architectures and product assortments.
This presentation talks about the manufacturing and national resilience that is created through added manufacturing. When fleets of additive manufacturing equipment are harnessed to provide critical manufacturing in times of crisis, they are a source of resilience. This requires preparation and active orchestration.
Professor at LUT University, Director General at VATT (Institute for Economic Research)
Towards sustainability in the metal industry using 3D printing
Presenter: Jyrki Savolainen
Co-authors: Ilkka Poutiainen, Marika Hirvimäki, Kari Ullakko, Ville Laitinen
The interest in additive manufacturing (AM), commonly known as 3D printing, has grown enormously over the last decade. AM is a novel way to produce unique parts offering new business opportunities and improved environmental sustainability of production. The current literature on AM emphasizes its positive effects on the sustainability of global production supply chains. We claim that the AM design and production can either positively or negatively influence the final product’s overall cost and resource efficiency.
Metal powders for AM are expensive, and manufacturing these powders consumes significantly more energy than sheet or bar materials. In this paper, we discuss how cost-effectiveness and sustainability are achieved when parts are redesigned using, e.g., lattice structures, an optimal printing position, and minimizing the need for post-processing.
Post Doctoral Researcher at LUT University
Towards General Theory of Sustainable Development: Systematic Digital Twin Operationalisation of the Grand Sustainability Theory
Presenter: Jari Kaivo-oja
Co-authors: Jyrki Luukkanen, Jarmo Vehmas & Tadht O ́MahonyAcross decades of contemporary discussion on sustainable development, a core debate has concerned whether economic growth can be made sustainable, environmentally and socially.
In recent years, this has become a debate about economic growth versus economic degrowth, whether the former can be environmentally sustainable and whether the latter can be socially sustainable. In the presentation, the author presents the general theory of sustainable growth and development and links the use of the model to the development challenges of digital twins.
This developed theory can be used in national sustainability assessment and planning, as well as in regional policy or urban planning. The model forms the core of sustainable development or sustainability science.
Research Director, Dr, Adjunct Professorat University of Turku
Towards a Sustainable Portfolio Theory - Foresight-driven strategic asset allocation and SDG (Sustainable Development Goals) alignment
Presenter: Ville Korpela
Co-authors: Jari Kaivo-oja, Arne Fagerström & Petri Kuusisto
Modern Portfolio Theory (MPT) has formed the core theoretical basis for asset allocation strategies of institutional investors for several decades. Recently, there have been wider calls among practitioners and the academic community to extend the existing theory to include broader impacts on the societal level to align investment practices globally with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In the paper, we discuss an outline for a sustainable portfolio theory (SPT) by extending the existing modern portfolio theory (MPT). Our objective is to demonstrate a relationship between the values businesses create and the impact investors are capturing.
PhD Researcher, Turku School of Economics, University of Turku
Visionary-Thinking in Sustainable Industrial Development in Finland - The Case of Allied ICT Finland ́s Vision-Building Processy
Presenter: Mikkel Knudsen
Co-authors: Jari Kaivo-oja & Tero Villman
Europe must renew itself to retain its 35 million industrial jobs in an increasingly fierce global competition. The industrial renewal must happen in concerto with bold ambitions for the twin, green and digital transitions, and it must be executed within the modern VUCA (volatility, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity) decision environment. Our research highlights potential pathways for Finnish industry and steps for the Finnish government, businesses, and society. Based on the visioning process, Industry 6.0 is defined as “ubiquitous, customer-driven, virtualized, antifragile manufacturing”. It is characterized by customer-centric, highly customized lot-size-1 thinking and by hyper-connected factories with dynamic supply chains and data flows across domains.
Project Researcher, Finland Futures Research Centre (FFRC) M.Sc. (Pol. Science) University of Turku
The challenges of long-term development for Finnish education and education policy to meet the demands of Manufacturing 4.0
Presenter: Maarit Virolainen
Co-author: Juhani Rautopuro
The so-called Manufacturing 4.0, sets needs to reform education, and they relate to the following three points: (1) to define, picture, and design what kind of reforms and for which parts of the education system and curricula are needed to instil fair, just and sustainable society and adapt to the change of technology in society, (2) to assess and evaluate, if the targeted change has been met in the learning of various learner groups before and after the reform. The presentation discusses the latest reforms in education and the role of research in identifying developmental education needs.
Project Researcher PhD (Adult education), MA (Social sciences) at University of Jyväskylä